Click the link below to download the full Geography Form 4 Notes pdf document, with all the topics. Fiords of Norway. Japan, Norway and Alaska. Kenya and mudfish. Pacific fishing grounds. Join our telegram group Download Notes. Fishing - Form 4 Geography Notes. Rate this item 1 2 3 4 5 14 votes. Download PDF for future reference Install our android app for easier access Click the link below to download the full Geography Form 4 Notes pdf document, with all the topics.
Fish Eating Culture - Fishing is extensively done in areas where there is a habit of eating fish e. Types of Fishing Pelagic Fishing - Catching of fish which live close to the surface e.
Demersal Fishing - Catching fish that live at the bottom of deep water bodies e. Fresh Water Fishing - Fishing done in fresh water bodies such as streams, rivers, lakes, ponds and paddy fields.
Methods of Fishing Traditional Fishing Methods - Commonly practised in tropical areas along the African coast and the inland fisheries. Basket Method - A basket with a cone opening with bait inside is used. Harpooning - Using a sharpened arrow or stick to strike Fish. Barrier Method - Using Barriers made of reeds or sticks to catch fish in flood waters.
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Use of Lamp and Net - Placing a lit lamp on the edge of the boat to attract fish. Hook and Line - Throwing a line with a baited hook into the water. Gill Nets -Nets with mesh which lets only the head of a fish through and then traps it by the gills. Trawling - Mainly used to catch demersal fish. Line Fishing - The method is used to catch demersal fish. Atlantic Fishing Grounds - Located along the E. Massachusetts and Connecticut. Atlantic Fishing Grounds - Location in W. Large continental shelf providing an extensive area for plankton growth.KCSE Prediction now available.
Term 1 Exams now available. Click the link below to download the full Form 1 Physics Notes pdf document, with all the topics. Scientists are people trained in science and who practice the knowledge of science. We require people in industries to work as engineers, technicians, researchers, in hospitals as doctors, nurses and technologists.
Science gives us powerful ideas, instruments and methods which affect us in our daily lives. A laboratory is a building specifically designed for scientific work and may contain many pieces of apparatus and materials for use. A law or principle is a scientific fact or statement that has been proven and experimented to be true for all conditions. A theorem is a fact or statement that is true and proven but applicable under specific conditions. Physics is a Greek word meaning nature hence it deals with natural phenomena.
Physics is therefore a science whose objective is the study of components of matter and their mutual interactions. Physics is also defined as the study of matter and its relation to energy. A physicist is able to explain bulk properties of matter as well as other phenomena observed.
Since physics enables us to understand basic components of matter and their mutual interactions it forms the base of natural science.
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Biology and chemistry borrow from physics in explaining processes occurring in living things and organisms. Physics also provides techniques which are applied almost every area of pure and applied science i. Join our telegram group Download Notes. Rate this item 1 2 3 4 5 44 votes.
Download PDF for future reference Install our android app for easier access Click the link below to download the full Form 1 Physics Notes pdf document, with all the topics. Scientific methods A laboratory is a building specifically designed for scientific work and may contain many pieces of apparatus and materials for use.
A hypothesis is a scientific fact or statement that has not been proven or experimented. What is physics? Read times Last modified on Tuesday, 11 December Published in Physics Form 1 Notes. Tagged under physics physics notes. Custom Design by Youjoomla.Advertised Budget Instructions for Parent Portal. This was a great way to see the seniors off as they embark on the next phase of their academic careers. Each of the top ten this year is destined for great colleges and universities where they will continue their stellar academic careers.
These students have worked tirelessly on their school work, are well-rounded, and truly show what Hornet Pride is all about. Within this article is information regarding dates and times to pick-up and drop-off materials on the Passaic Valley campus during the week of June 22nd. All students, with the exception of Honors and AP, are expected to participate in the summer reading program through their local public library to earn credit in their English class next year. For the first time, Passaic Valley's literary and art magazine "Images" is released digitally.
Within this article is a PDF link to "Images". Downloading the file may take several minutes. Throughout the first two weeks of June, Passaic Valley will be premiering videos of virtual events each school day at 6 pm. Videos can be accessed by clicking on the first picture in the website's main scroll. Past events will be available on this page for anyone wanting to take another look or who missed the premiere. This week marks Dating Abuse Awareness Week. Baumann Public Library in Woodland Park.
Every year, new students join the Yearbook Class to work together, create a memorable theme and commemorate the graduating class. Cheryl Joseph and Mrs. Darcy Hall as their editors.
Journalism students saw an opportunity to cover the transition from traditional instruction to an online remote learning model as real-world journalists would. Within are links to their coverage of PV's response to the crisis, determination to serve the community, and the resilience of their students and staff. Pia Vanderstreet and Mr. Michael DeLuccia compiled a set list that included new songs and innovative renditions of classic and pop material. They were given a tour of the facility and the opportunity to perform a skit on one of their stages.
Guest speaker Mr. Nicholas Sauter shared his experiences participating in this extraordinary program.
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MSU awarded the Povolo quintuplets with a full scholarship to their institution in a ceremony held in Campbell Hall. The gift was a surprise to four of the five siblings and their parents. Victoria Povolo had previously reached out to MSU with college tuition concerns for the family.
The four superintendents of the Passaic Valley community, Ms. Tracey Marinelli, Ms.Melanocortins and their receptors are critical components of energy homeostasis and the paraventricular nucleus of the hypothalamus PVH is an important site of melanocortin action. Although best known for its role in osmoregulation, arginine vasopressin AVP has been implicated in feeding and is robustly expressed in the PVH. The importance of the paraventricular nucleus of the hypothalamus PVH in regulating energy balance is well established [1,2].
Lesions of the PVH produce hyperphagia and obesity in rodents . Inactivation of one copy of Sim1a key hypothalamic transcription factor required for PVH development, disrupts PVH function and produces hyperphagic obesity with associated glucose dysregulation in both rodents and humans [4—6].
A detailed understanding of the molecular mechanisms and neural pathways used by the PVH to modulate energy homeostasis has however been complicated by the cellular complexity of this nucleus. Although some PVH cell types have been neurochemically-defined, the specific roles of these PVH subsets in energy balance are incompletely understood . The central melanocortin system is critical for energy homeostasis. Melanocortin agonists such as melanotan-II MTII promote energy expenditure and suppress food intake [8,9] largely through the action of melanocortin-4 receptors MC4R [10,11].
Although oxytocin neurons have been proposed as important regulators of feeding, mice lacking oxytocin neurons display normal feeding and a normal anorectic response to MTII . Together these findings suggest that neurons other than oxytocin neurons within the PVH are important for feeding regulation. Arginine vasopressin AVP is robustly expressed in parvocellular cells of the PVH, but its physiologic function within the brain, and specifically in energy balance, has not been fully defined .
AVP has been implicated in feeding, blood glucose regulation and locomotor activity [15—18]but the role of PVH-AVP in melanocortin signaling and energy regulation remains unclear. AVP-iCre mice were generated using recombineering techniques as previously described [13,19,20].
Animals had ad libitum access to food and water, except during experiments in which mice were fasted before perfusion or during timed feeding studies. All animal care and procedures are approved by and in accordance with the guidelines of the University Committee on the Care and Use of Animals at the University of Michigan. For immunocytochemistry, sections were pretreated in 0. For immunofluorescent detection, species-specific Alexa or antibodies Invitrogen, were used to identify primary antibody targets.
Mice were then allowed to recover for 5—14 days, after which they were used in physiologic experiments or perfused and processed for immunohistochemistry. Nuclear c-Fos immunoreactivity was then used as a marker for neuronal activation in PVH subsets. After recovery 10—14 daysmice were habituated to IP injections for 5 days.
In both experiments, each mouse served as its own control. After 14—21 days, to allow recovery and DTA-mediated cell death, the mice were habituated to IP injections and fed ad libitum. On the day of the experiment, food was removed from the cage in the morning. Using homologous recombination techniques, a DNA cassette containing an internal ribosomal sequence, Cre coding sequence and polyadenylation sequence -iCre was inserted downstream of the stop codon of the endogenous AVP gene.
This results in Cre recombinase being expressed by the targeted, endogenous neuropeptide promoter and prevents the problem of ectopic Cre expression often seen with transgenic lines. Injection of melanocortin agonist MTII suppresses food intake and melanocortin receptors in the paraventricular hypothalamus are important for this effect .
To test our hypothesis, we took advantage of new technology that allows for acute manipulation of neural activity. D esigner r eceptors e xclusively a ctivated by d esigner d rugs DREADDs are modified human muscarinic receptors that are coupled to stimulatory G-proteins Gq or inhibitory G-proteins Gi.
Each animal serves as its own control. This virus expresses the cellular toxin diphtheria toxin subunit A DTA only in the presence of Cre recombinase.The company intends to use the net proceeds from the offering for general corporate purposes, including, among other things, the repayment of outstanding indebtedness.
The Notes are being offered in a private offering to persons reasonably believed to be qualified institutional buyers in the U. The Notes will not be initially registered under the Securities Act, or the securities laws of any state, and may not be offered or sold in the U. Completion of the offering is subject to market and other conditions. This press release does not constitute an offer to sell or the solicitation of an offer to buy the Notes, nor shall it constitute an offer, solicitation or sale in any jurisdiction in which such offer, solicitation or sale is unlawful.
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Convert the following 3mks a. If a ream of papers weighs 2. The mass of a density bottle is 20g when empty, 70g when full of water and 55g when dull of a second liquid. Calculate the; a. Density of the liquid 2mks 4. Define force giving its SI unit 2mks 5. Define three effects of a force 3mks 6. Give three types of force 3mks 7.
Describe briefly how upthrust can be measured 3mks 8. Give two differences between mass and weight 2mks 9. What is the weight of a 60kg person on the moon where gravitational strength is 1.
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Please Wait. Quick Links.Faragha Nasson Tuesday, December 13, 1. Active resistance. Passive resistance. Eg of African societies which applied active resistance against colonial systems were: Nyamwezi, under Isike, Hehe under Mkwawa and Yao under Machemba. Samori Toure and Mkwawa. Strong army. Strong unity among the people. Good war techniques. Powerful socially and economically. Is the form of resistance where by Africans did not take arms in opposing colonial rule or cooperating with colonialists.
Passive resistance is unarmed or nonviolence opposition against colonial control by refusing to pay taxes, production of cash crops, denied to work etc. Poor weapons. Absence of strong army; presence of weak army made some African societies to afraid to fight. Weak leadership. Poor unity among the people.
Presence of natural calamities for example floods, droughts. Weak social and political organizations. Almost many African societies resisted against imposition of colonial rule due to the following reasons:. To defend social and political sovereignty. Many societies in Africa decided to resist colonial rule because colonialist wanted to interfere their social and political power. So African chiefs or leaders such as Mkwawa, Samora Toure and Kaberege etc took army to fight against it.
Interference of trade. Africans resisted against imposition of colonial rule because colonialists interfered with African trade monopolies which made Africans harsh towards colonialists hence resistance. Interference of cultures. African resisted against imposition of colonial rule since colonialists wanted to interfere African culture such as religion, language etc.
Land alienation. Forced labour. Many African societies imposed to resist once against colonial rule since colonialists forced them to work by force without payment in colonial activities like farms, construction of BOMAS etc. Examples of resistances were Majimaji, Nandi resistance, Chimulenga etc. Introduction of taxation. Colonialists introduced different heavy taxes such as head tax, cattle tax, hut taxand matiti tax where Africans were forced to pay them as a result they resisted against the imposition of colonial rule.
Harsh rule. Africans were not ready to be colonized. Africans resisted against the imposition of colonial rule because they were not ready to be colonized since they had their own system of governance and administration. Beliefs of political and military strengths.Wonderful Words of Life
African societies were believed that they were powerful and strong in political and military as a result when colonialist came they opposed against them for example chief Machemba of Yao disobeyed Germany governor WISSMAN because he believed in his military power.
Colonial social segregation and discrimination.